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What is the difference?

Montessori


 

    • Age span of at least three years in a class.
    • Emphasis on Cognitive and Social Development.
    • Teacher has guiding role.
    • Children reinforce their own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success.
    • Environment and method encourage Self-discipline.
    • Mostly individual instruction.
    • Develops wise use of free choice. Child chooses own work.
    • Learns about care of one’s self and environment.
    • Highly organized sets of graduated materials – Mostly three dimensional and “concrete”.
    • Child sets own learning pace.
    • Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success
Traditional


 

    • One age per class.
    • Emphasis on Rote Learning and Social Behavior.
    • Teacher controls classroom.
    • Learning is reinforced externally (rewards, stickers, etc.). Teacher motivated.
    • Teacher acts as primary enforcer of discipline.
    • Mostly group instruction.
    • Very few choices. Teacher assigns work for child.
    • Less emphasis on self-learning instruction.
    • Mostly abstract – books, papers, etc.
    • Instruction pace set by group.
    • Learning is reinforced externally by repetition, rewards and punishment